Abstract: Thepaper is based on the outcome of a research project that aimed to: (1) improve the data-collection strategies of educational civil society organizations; and (2) identify the factors influencing disadvantaged students’ school inclusion or exclusion. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, which was intended to: (1) measure school inclusion among disadvantaged children; (2) identify students, who had significantly lower levels of school inclusion, but needed to be included in intervention programs; and (3) measure the impact of intervention programs using objective indicators (perceptions of the school and teachers, feelings of safety in school, school performance). The questionnaire was applied to 540 vocational school students aged 15–21 within a large, developed urban area (Cluj-Napoca) in Romania. The purpose of the quantitative research was to test the validity and reliability of the instrument and to propose its use to NGO professionals from Cluj-Napoca for efficient data collection and for measuring the impact of educational interventions. The collected data allowed us to identify the factors influencing the school inclusion of disadvantaged students, and create a profile of students who are less likely to feel integrated in their school or classroom. Qualitative methods were used to
explore barriers to the educational inclusion of disadvantaged students, the reasons these barriers exist, and the strategies envisioned eliminating them.

 

About the authors

 

Diana Damean holds a PhD diploma in Sociology and is Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Manchester. For five years, she has been involved in national and international research projects, undertaking activities such as proposal writing, research design, data collection, quantitative and qualitative data analysis, and result dissemination. Her research interests include developing and testing instruments for school inclusion assessment and evaluation. Since 2010 she has been working as a consultant for The Romanian Foundation for Children, Community and Family (FRCCF).


Julia Todea holds a BA diploma in History-Philosophy and Sociology, a  ostgraduate diploma in management EURODIR, and a trainer's diploma. She has gained significant experience in research in industrial sociology and child health. She was the coordinator of the project Health Behavior in School-Age Children, Hungary –a WHO funded research (1993-1996), and member of a team developing and implementing the WHO program Health Promoting Schools between 1992 and 1996. Since 1998 she has been working for FRCCF first as the Head of Program Department and now as Proposal Writer/Researcher. She has extensive experience in proposal writing, program designing, research, implementation, and reporting.

 
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Administration

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.